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NEW YORK – September 23, 2021 – ( Newswire.com )
iQuanti: Commercial real estate loans are designed to help business owners purchase income-producing properties, such as retail stores or office buildings. Just like home buyers can use residential loans to finance new homes, business owners can use commercial real estate lending to get a mortgage for their next property.
Still, navigating the ins and outs of commercial real estate loans can be tricky. It’s important to understand the different types of loans available, terms of each loan agreement, and application criteria.
What is a commercial real estate loan?
A commercial real estate loan is a loan provided by a lender to a business or business owner for the purpose of purchasing or renovating a commercial property.
Examples of these commercial properties include:
While residential loans are often granted to individuals, such as prospective homeowners, commercial real estate loans are commonly given to businesses, such as corporations, partnerships, and trusts.
Types of commercial real estate lenders also vary. Common lenders include commercial banks, credit unions, and private companies. The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) also offers two types of SBA loans for businesses.
What are the terms of commercial real estate loans?
Many different factors go into creating commercial real estate loans. These terms are decided based upon the unique needs of the lender and the borrower.
Repayment schedules for commercial real estate loans commonly range from five to 20 years.
The amortization period, however, is typically longer than the repayment period. A borrower might have 10 years to repay the loan, for example, but the amortization schedule is 30 years. So at the end of those 10 years, they make one last balloon payment to cover their remaining balance.
Many commercial real estate loans come with prepayment penalties or fees, discouraging borrowers from paying off their loans early.
The main types of these penalties include:
The loan-to-value (LTV) ratio is the amount of the loan divided by the property’s value. This helps lenders determine how much money they can realistically loan to a borrower.
LTVs for commercial real estate loans commonly fall in the range of 65-80%. That means commercial real estate buyers may need to put 20-30% down on their property before applying for a loan.
Debt-service coverage ratio
The debt-service coverage ratio (DSCR) is the property’s annual net operating income divided by its annual mortgage debt payments. This helps lenders calculate their loan based on how much revenue the commercial property is expected to generate.
The median DSCR is 1.25, according to the National Association of Retailers. A DSCR of less than 1 tells lenders that the business won’t have enough cash flow to cover their annual debt.
Interest rates and fees
Interest rates for commercial real estate loans average in the range of 5-7%. However, these rates depend on many factors. For example, borrowers with lower LTVs may qualify for lower interest rates, since their loans pose less risk for the lender.
Commercial real estate may also come with a range of fees to be paid during closing, such as:
How can you apply for a commercial real estate loan?
A commercial real estate lender will commonly take a few different criteria into account when deciding whether to provide a loan. These factors include:
It’s important for business owners to understand these loan terms and criteria while shopping for a commercial real estate lender and preparing to make their next big financial investment.
Press Release Service by Newswire.com
Original Source: How Does a Commercial Real Estate Loan Work?